Bunions are very common foot deformities that develop at the base of the big toe. The joint enlarges and protrudes, sometimes appearing red, tender and inflamed. Bunions can make wearing shoes and even walking quite painful. They often develop from wearing shoes that are too tight or too narrow, and in some cases, can be corrected without surgery.
In some cases, however, bunion surgery is necessary. Bunion surgery, sometimes called a bunionectomy, aims to restore the proper alignment of the big toe joint. A surgeon may remove some of the soft tissue or bone in the foot to allow for proper alignment. In some cases, internal devices may be necessary to stabilize the foot.
The goal of bunion surgery is to relieve pain and correct the deformity, thus returning full mobility to the patient.